Uzbekistan
Travel in Uzbekistan
History
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Uzbekistan - a treasure house of architectural monuments, the point of the oldest cities, one of the centers of the legendary Silk Road. Here you can see ancient East - in Samarkand, Bukhara or Khiva which are listed in world heritage list of UNESCO.

Turquoise domed madrasahs, mausoleums, caravan-sarais and monuments of these museum cities are indeed masterpieces of medieval eastern architecture. Buddhist temples and monasteries of Termez or Zoroastrian shrines of Khorezm witnesses of presence of different cultures.

You can taste the real Uzbek pilaf, cooked according to recipe, which ages over thousand years. Hotels here are not exorbitant money, and dinner in a restaurant will not ruin even the most budget tourist. There are many direct and connection flights from most metropolitans of world such as London, Paris, Rome, New York, Istanbul and etc.

Once being here you will fall in love and be amazed with the rich history, architecture, traditions and hospitality of Uzbeks.

Travel in Uzbekistan

being Central Asia’s cradle of culture for more than 2 millennium, today can proud with majestic arsenal of Islamic architectural gems.

Being located on the crossroads of Silk Road Routes this region flourished and therefore was always on target of many invaders during different periods. It was invaded by Alexander the Great, Iranian Kings, Genghis Khan, Arabs and then by Russians. During medieval and later till independence travel in Uzbekistan or Central Asia was not as accessible as today. Tourism in Uzbekistan is developing year by year and its huge potential yet unused because it has lots of tourist attractions to offer but not all of them are included in most of tours offered today.

The infrastructure of tourism industry is getting better and better year by year. During last 21 years the quality of travel services in Uzbekistan has significantly increased. Quality hotels, professional guides, modern transports, comfortable trains and well arranged holidays making Uzbekistan ideal place to travel. The nature of Uzbekistan is quite diverse and nowadays you can travel Uzbekistan not only for cultural and heritage tours but you can enjoy heliski in winter, adventure tours, eco holidays like tulip watching, trekking and etc. You can combine these kinds of tours with cultural tours by visiting Samarkand and Bukhara.

Safety of Uzbekistan travel: Uzbekistan is one of the safest places to travel. The crime rate is very low and the people are very friendly and hospitable. Bukhara was assigned as the safest city by World Tourism Organization in 2008.

 

History

The Uzbek nation is one of the most ancient nations of the world with  3,000 years of statehood history. Archaeological findings on the territory of  Selengur, Kulbulak Teshiktash prove that the first human settlements on the territory of Uzbekistan appeared 1-1.2 million years ago. 

Ancient Khorezm and Bactria are early states on the territory of Uzbekistan, formation of which dates back to VIII-VII centuries. BC. Monuments of Afrasiyob, Kuzalikir, Uzunkir, Yerkurgan can serve as a model of urban culture. One of the monotheistic religions - Zoroastrianism originated in the territory of Uzbekistan. Avesta - holy book of Zoroastrianism is the spiritual heritage of Uzbek people. 
  

In the VI-IV centuries BC the territory of Central Asia was invaded by Aheminidy, and later by the Greco-Macedonians. Against foreign invaders fought such patriots as Tumaris, Chirac and Spitamenes.  In the III. BC - III century AD on the territory of Uzbekistan prospered states like Davan, Kang, Kushan and Khorezm. The most prominent is the development of culture and art during the Kushan state. 


 After that the territory of Uzbekistan was ruled states such as Hionids, Kidarits, Ephtalites and Turkic Khanate. During this period, these states, which included a huge territory, waged a wide-ranging economic and trade policies with neighboring countries.

    

Arab conquest in history of Uzbekistan

In the VIII-IX centuries arrives a new cultural branch on the territory of Uzbekistan with the Arab conquest. Along with the struggle against the invaders, the formation of the Uzbek people took place in IX-XII. During this period, the Turkic language has taken a dominant position, and began the formation of the literary language. 


The renaissance

In the IX-XII centuries during the reign of Samanids, Karakhanids and Khorezm there have been some positive changes in terms of cultural life. In the good of the country and the people worked such great scientists as Al-Khwarizmi, al-Ahmad Fargani, Farabi, Abu Rayhan Beruni and Abu Ali Ibn Sina (Aviccenna) , al-Zamakhshari and others. Besides, Imam al-Bukhari, at-Termizi, Nazhmuddin Kubro, Bahavuddin Naqshband and others have made valuable contribution into the development of religious sciences.


Genghis Khan 

At the beginning of the XIII century Mongols led by Genghis Khan in, smashing Khorezm, conquered the whole territory of Central Asia. Brave sons of Uzbekistan such asZhalaliddin Manguberdi, Temur Malik and others were having unceasing war, defending their compatriots from foreign invaders.


Temurids  

In the second half of XIV century. in the political arena appears Amir Temur, who stand against the Mongols, and eventually expelled them from the territory of our country. Centralized state in the period of Amir Temur and his dynasty has made it possible to prosper in all aspects of life, especially in the economic, social and cultural life. 

Emir Temur creating a centralized state, streamlined management of the state apparatus, strengthened the borders of the state, strengthened the army, improved socio-economic life of the population, created conditions for prosperity of crafts and trade, reformed the tax system.

During the reign of Ulugbek, Husayn Baykara and Zahiriddin Babur flourished science, literature and art. During this period Alisher Navoi created his works in Turkic and made his indisputable contribution to the development of spiritual heritage of Uzbek people.  

Thanks to Amir Temur Mongol conquest and invades were stopped and many nations were liberated from Mongol invasion. Besides, thanks to efforts of Emir Temur Europe was saved from Ottoman conquest . During the period of Amir Temur and his dynasty intensified trade and diplomatic relations with European countries. 

Khanates

Sheibanids and Ashtarkhanids ruled on the territory of Uzbekistan in XVI-XVII centuries . During the period of Ashtarkhanids  the centralized state has declined. As a result in the XVIII century  khara Emirate, Khiva and Kokand Khanates are formed. 

As a result Emirate and Khanate couldnt stand against Russian invasion and until 1991 territory of Uzbekistan was part of the Russian Empire and Soviet Union. 


Political and economic crisis began in the 80s of the twentieth century, provided an opportunity to accelerate the movement for independence in Uzbekistan. As a result on August 31, 1991 was achieved political independence. 


By Dilshod Eshmurodov