Historically, the Portuguese came on to the scene in 1427 with the discovery of the islands Santa Maria and São Miguel.
Due to its strategic geographic position, the archipelago was to become an important waypoint on the main routes between Europe, the Orient and America during 16th and 17th centuries. This period saw major naval battles around the Azores, while the islands were set upon by pirates.

Subsquent centuries saw the developement of the islands, introduction of a new agriculture and the developement of cattle breeding and fishing.
Having constitued an integral part of Portugal from the very outset, today the Azores are an autonomous region endowed with its own parliament and government.

The Azores have a temperate climate all year round, practically with no significant temperature changes.
The temperatures vary between a minimum yearly average of 14.0°C/55.2°F and 24.8°C/76.4°F (the pleasant average temperature in August)
The sea water average temperature vary between 16.0°C/60.8°F and 22.0°C/71.6°F all over the year , under the influence of the Gulf Stream.